Patterns (4 - 5 year olds)

Identifying and creating patterns (e.g. ABAB or ABBABB) is a skill children need to learn in order to move on and master more complex mathematical concepts.


Home Learning

You will need

Any small objects with at least two colours, the quantity should be over 10 pieces for each colour. For example, you can use M&Ms or small fruits.

What to do

The children can pick up ABAB pattern first, as ABAB is basic pattern in numeracy. You need to explain to your child what A & B each represent. For example: A represents “yellow”, B represents “blue”, so “ABAB” represents “yellow blue yellow blue” and your child can then try to follow the rules to continue the pattern.

Pattern made from M&Ms

Learning outcomes

  • Begin to understand the concept of sequence and be able to make pattern with food, toy bricks or beads according to sequence
  • Able to count 1-10

Key words

  • pattern
  • blue
  • yellow

Ask your child

  • What represents A/B? Are they same?
  • What follows A/B?
  • How many “blue” in your pattern? Can you count them?